Systematic reviews, injury reports and best practice guides can provide a convenient summary of the key data and /or credible evidence for a particular injury topic from a larger body of research literature. This avoids the need to wade through large amounts of literature or data from a variety of sources. However, creating effective prevention programs involves combining the best available evidence with the real-world experience of practitioners.1 These injury prevention resources can provide credible information that can help in designing injury prevention programs and strategies.
Injury reports listed below are summaries of national or regional data available on key injury topic(s), an outline of what works to prevent injuries, and calls to action for further changes needed to keep us all safe.
- Child and Youth Unintentional Injury: 1994-2003, 10 Years in Review (English). Data from the Canadian Institute for Health Information and Statistics Canada is used to capture changes in the death and hospitalization trends for childhood injury over a 10-year period from 1994 to 2003. Download the full report here.
- Child and Youth Unintentional Injury, Atlantic Canada, 10 Years in Review (English) - Data from Statistics Canada is used to capture changes in death trends for unintentional childhood injury over a 10-year period from 1995-2004. The report can be downloaded from the page here.
- Injury in Review, 2012 Edition: Spotlight on Road and Transport Safety provides surveillance and prevention information on injuries in Canada with a focus on road and transport safety for children, youth and young adults up to 24 years of age. Injury in Review, 2012 Edition was produced by the Public Health Agency of Canada, in collaboration with the Traffic Injury Research Foundation and Safe Kids Canada. Download the full report here, or to order a print copy, email the Public Health Agency of Canada at Injury.Surveillance@phac-aspc.gc.ca.
- The Public Health Agency of Canada released Injury in Review 2011 - Spotlight on Road and Transport Safety: Select Results, at the 2011 Canadian Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion Conference in Vancouver. Download the full report here
- The Atlantic Collaborative on Injury Prevention released the report Do injuries discriminate? The social determinants of Injury. Download the full report here
- 2009 Edition (English) - National report on preventable injuries in Canada and spotlight on consumer product safety. Download the full report here
- The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's report, Nonfatal Traumatic Brain Injuries Related to Sports and Recreation Activities Among Persons Aged ≤19 Years — United States, 2001–2009, was published in the Oct. 7, 2011, issue of CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. View the report
- The World Health Organization's World Report on Child Injury Prevention is available online. View the report
- The World Health Organization's Global status report on road safety 2013 is available online. View the report
- The CIHR Team in Child & Youth Injury Prevention: End of Grant Report // 2010 - 2016.This report details the CIHR Team in Child & Youth Injury Prevention team’s work on enhancing Child and youth injury prevention through partnerships among child and youth injury prevention researchers and committed knowledge users and stakeholders since 2010. Addressing child and youth injury by developmental stages (young children, school age children, adolescents), their approach aims to target relevant causes of injury within these high risk groups, including the burden, risks and circumstances of injury among First Nations and Inuit children and youth. Download the report.
These guides are created through evidence-based suggestions that contain both findings from systematic reviews and agreement from experts and stakeholders.2
- Making It Happen - A Community Resource (pedestrian safety) - download the guide here
- Safer Homes for Children (A Guide for Communities) - download the guide here
- On the Right Track for Rail Safety - A Community Resource - download the guide here
- The EuroSafe - Child Safety Good Practice Guide provides injury prevention stakeholders with evidence-based strategy options that address child injury within the areas of education, environment and enforcement. It also has a selection of case studies that illustrate programs in Europe that have applied these strategies and lessons learned for their application. View the guide
Child Safety Good Practice Guide: Good investments in unintentional child injury prevention and safety promotion – Canadian Edition
The Canadian Edition of the Child Safety Good Practice Guide provides the first seminal, comprehensive document in the country from which decision-makers, practitioners and legislators can base their work and recommendations. It is designed to enable Canadian injury prevention practitioners to examine Canadian strategy options for unintentional child injury, move away from what has ‘always been done’ and move toward good investments - strategies that are known to work or have the greatest probability of success.
This document is based on the 2006 European Child Safety Good Practice Guide, which was launched by the European Child Safety Alliance (the Alliance) in order to provide guidance on proven, effective injury prevention strategies. Safe Kids Canada formally partnered with the Alliance to bring the Guide to Canada.
Evidence-based good practices are provided in this guide for those considering uptake, transfer and implementation of specific strategies or interventions. In particular, evidence "at-a-glance” tables include referenced evidence statements and transfer / implementation points on 11 child safety topics, and 17 case studies demonstrate ‘real world’ success in at least one Canadian context. Download the full guide here.
These share evidence behind a specific health issue by giving a summary of research from multiple sources that is systematically gathered, reviewed and evaluated against pre-established criteria.3 Systematic reviews help reduce bias, resolve controversy between different findings and provide reliable sources for decision-making.
Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center Best Practices
This website includes reviews of studies that have been evaluated using some type of comparison group, and measure specific outcomes using injury indicators like deaths, hospitalizations and or observed behaviour change. Studies that measure changes in attitudes, beliefs, self-reported behaviours or knowledge are excluded from the review.
The Cochrane Library Reviews
The Cochrane Library is a collection of databases and systematic reviews that contain high-quality, independent evidence that can inform healthcare decision-making.
Health evidence is an online registry of systematic reviews on the effectiveness of public health and health promotion interventions, including injury prevention and safety.
Centers for disease control and prevention (CDC)- National Center for Injury Prevention and Control
The CDC’s National Center for Injury Prevention and Control is the lead national agency in the United States for injury prevention. The Center’s website lists injury reports and research summaries on a large number of unintentional and intentional injury topics.
Measuring Impact: Young Workers’ Injury Prevention Interventions in Canada. Project team: Parachute, The Sandbox Project, MySafeWork, The CIHR Team in Child and Youth Injury Prevention, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre P.A.R.T.Y. Program, The Institute for Work and Health.
The goal of this project is to develop a continuum to measure and assess workplace interventions for youth occupational injury prevention. The continuum is comprised of an evidence-based strategy for the use of metrics to measure young worker injury prevention initiatives, and a framework that can be used to identify key indicators of youth risk of injury in the workplace.
- Appendix 1 - Analysis of Factors & Environmental Scan
- Appendix 1-A Breslin IWH NIOSH Symposium 2013
- Appendix 1-B Inventory of programs and resources
- Appendix 1-C(1) - Smith Vulnerability 2015
- Appendix 1-C(2) - Lay Vulnerability 2015
- Appendix 2 - Literature Review
- Appendix 3 - IWH research on vulnerable workers leads to tool for measuring risk factors
Injury Prevention journal
This is an international journal dedicated to injury prevention and includes peer-reviewed articles that focus on injury for all ages. Furthermore, Injury Prevention regularly includes a News and Notes section and many other special features including brief reports, editorials, commentaries, policy forums, fillers, book reviews and correspondence.
Injury research databases
SafetyLit is an injury research database that provides a weekly e-mail update with summaries of research articles and reports on injury prevention from a variety of disciplines that are relevant to preventing unintentional injuries, violence and self-harm. SafetyLit service scans more than 3,000 scholarly international journals, conference proceedings, government and agency reports to develop these summaries.
PubMed is the U.S. National Library Medicine's freely available database of medical literature and can be used to search injury research.
PubMed Central Canada
Pub Med Central Canada is a new initiative launched in 2009 that provides free access to peer-reviewed Canadian health and life sciences literature, including CIHR-funded research.
1 Brussoni M, Towner E, Hayes M. Evidence into practice: combining the art and science of injury prevention. Injury Prevention. Inj Prev 2006; 12(6): 373-7.
2 Raina P. Evidence-based injury prevention: is it necessary? Retrieved May 20, 2007 from BC Injury Research and Prevention Unit
3 Cochrane Health Promotion and Public Health Field. Retrieved March 07, 2007 from http://www.ph.cochrane.org/en/localrevs.html