Pedestrian safety tips
Teaching pedestrian safety to children
Walk with your children, and talk to them about pedestrian safety. Your presence and guidance can help reduce the risk of injury. Once our child reaches the toddler stage, he or she can start to learn about safety.
- Many young children are fascinated by cars and trucks: use that fascination to talk about how vehicles must share the roads and how they can harm people who walk or cycle because vehicles are so big, heavy, and travel fast.
- A two year old riding in a stroller can understand that cars belong on the road and people belong on the sidewalk.
- A three or four year old can be taught that he or she must always hold your hand when crossing the street. They can help you look both ways to watch for cars and can learn that it is not safe to run out into the road, even after a favourite toy.
Build on earlier conversations with information appropriate to your child's level of understanding. Discussions can come naturally, as there are many opportunities and circumstances that invite a brief comment or teaching moment:
- When weather conditions change (e.g. snow, fog, rain)
- When a ball goes over the fence and onto the road
- When witnessing jaywalking or other unsafe pedestrian practice
- When taking, or deciding on, a new route to school or the playground
- When visiting a new place
- When moving to a new neighbourhood
- When it's a child's first time walking with friends
- When a child is preparing to walk alone for the first time
Talk about what you do before you cross a road. Teach your child to use their eyes and their ears. Always, think, look and listen. Even if there is a crossing guard, or traffic signals, to assist them.
Teach them to stop at the curb, look left, right and left again, and to listen for oncoming traffic. When the way is clear, or all the cars at the crosswalk or intersection have come to a full stop, teach children to cross the road, and not to double back or run. Children should be told not to cross between parked cars, or in the middle of a street, but at a corner.
Also, they should treat driveways and alleyways as "mini roads" and watch for moving cars. If there are no sidewalks, children should walk in a single file, away from the road, facing traffic. After a while, these behaviours will become second nature to your child.
When not to walk and talk
If your child has a cell phone, or other hand-held electronics, make it a rule that they do not use them while they are walking, and especially not while they are crossing streets.
Distractions put children at a much higher risk of being struck by a vehicle. Even walking with a group of children can distract a child from crossing safely, so tell your child to keep this in mind. It's great to walk with your friends, but don't forget the safety rules.
Be a role model
Talk to your child about safe pedestrian practices while you walk. Over time, your frequent demonstrations will become ingrained in their approach to crossing roads. But remember, if you jaywalk, or run across a street against a light with your child, or talk on your cell phone while walking, you can expect them to do the same thing when they are crossing the street independently.
Ask others who are responsible for your child's welfare (older siblings, grandparents, daycare staff) to discuss safe crossing when they accompany your child on outings.
Walking is good for you
Many Canadian communities are taking an interest in promoting walking, both for its health benefits and as a "green" initiative. In some communities, this has led to a renewed family enthusiasm for walking to school. It is vital to encourage parents and caregivers to talk to children about pedestrian safety during these walks. It is equally important to create more walkable communities that promote safe, pedestrian-friendly environments. Increased pedestrian numbers actually heighten driver awareness, which can result in slower rates of speed and fewer child pedestrian injuries.