Learn about playground safety.
Visit our section on playground safety tips. It describes the importance of good surfacing under play equipment and some important factors in the design of play equipment. It also gives safety tips for active supervision while children play. Parents and caregivers can help with playground safety by checking for damaged equipment, dangerous objects or other hazards every time they visit a playground.
The Canadian Standards Association (CSA) playground standard requires that public playgrounds have a sign posted providing the name of the organization that operates the playground and a phone number or other contact information. If there is no sign at the playground, see our list below for suggestions on who to contact.
Describe your specific concern, and ask when the playground was last inspected. Describe what piece of equipment or area of the playground you feel is not safe. The CSA Standard requires three types of maintenance checks: daily or weekly visual inspections, monthly detailed inspections and seasonal scheduled maintenance. It also requires that playground operators periodically test the protective surfacing under the playground (CSA does not specify how often this test should be performed; once a year may be considered reasonable).
Follow up on your concern to see that action is taken to assess the safety of your community playground and, if needed, to make it safer.
Here are a few steps to help you get action on your concern:
Many playgrounds across Canada are owned and operated by either municipalities or school boards. Here is a list of common playground owners and operators and suggested contacts.
|Playground location||Suggested contact|
|Public park||Municipal parks or recreation director|
|First nation||Recreation director, school principal or band council|
|School grounds||School principal, school board staff or trustee|
|Day care/child care||Supervisor or director|
|Condominium or townhouse complex||Management corporation|
|Shopping centre||Director or general manager|
|Community centre||Director or general manager|
|Restaurant||General manager or owner|
Hazards which could kill or seriously hurt a child should be fixed immediately.
Here are some examples:
Strangulation hazards. A strangulation hazard is a point where clothing drawstrings or loose clothing could catch and become entangled, causing a child to be strangled. The tops of slides and firemen's poles and any piece of moving equipment (swings, merry-go-rounds) should be carefully inspected for places where a drawstring, scarf, or other piece of clothing near the neck could get caught. Since the early 1980s almost all child deaths on playgrounds were the result of strangulation.
Inadequate surfacing under high equipment. Safe surfacing helps to protect children in case of a fall. Falls on to hard ground can cause serious injuries, such as broken bones, head injuries and injuries to internal organs. Proper surfacing material is fairly inexpensive, but crucial to keeping a playground safe. Most injuries that happen on playgrounds are the result of falls.
As of 2003, the CSA requires that all types of playground surfacing be "crash tested" to ensure its shock-absorbing ability each year. Loose fill surfacing should be installed to a depth of 15 to 30 centimetres (six to 12 inches).
Head and neck entrapment hazards. These are spaces in playground equipment which are large enough for a small child's body to slip through, but small enough to trap the child's head. Because toddlers and preschoolers have large heads relative to their body size, this is a serious hazard. Some places to check include the space between steps, gaps in horizontal railings, and spaces between platforms of different heights. Safe openings are either smaller than nine centimetres (3.5 inches) or larger than 22.5 centimetres (nine inches). Unsafe openings can often be corrected for the short term with fairly simple modifications (e.g., closing in the back of steps.)