Child Injury Prevention (Ages 0-6)

Drowning prevention


Why is drowning important?  Sixteen (16) children age 0-4 and 5 children age 5-9 died from drowning in Canada in 2009. Sixty-nine (69) aged 0-4 and eighteen (18) aged 5-9 experienced near-drowning and were admitted to hospital. It is the third leading cause of death from injury for those 0-4, after choking/suffocation and motor vehicle related incidents.

Drowning is preventable.

Primary messages

The images and messages depicted are the most common ways that children 0-6 are injured from drowning incidents. Visit the Images section for each topic to view and download the images with their corresponding messages. 

How to use the images?

These images can be useful in starting discussion about what caregivers know about how to prevent injury and to problem-solve around the barriers they encounter in keeping their children safe.  The images can also be integrated into other resources that you create, such as posters, calendars, displays, etc.

Program examples and evaluation tool

These drowning examples are based on best practice and share activities that groups have done or could undertake.

The following documents are available for download:

Supplementary messages and resources

  • Use a dog fence, or other fencing to keep your child away from a water filled kiddy/small pool.
  • Don’t rely on older siblings to supervise younger children.
  • Teach children how to swim.
  • Always supervise children in and around any type of water source.
  • Use sunscreen for children over one.  Use a sun shirt on babies or small children.
  • Use a sunshade or beach umbrella.  Make sure you and your child drink plenty of water when out in the sun.

For additional messaging and information visit the Drowning Prevention section of the Parachute website.



Public Health Agency of Canada analysis of 2009 mortality data from Statistics Canada and 2010/11 hospitalization data from the Canadian Institute for Health Information. (This is the most recent data available.)