Child Injury Prevention (Ages 0-6)

Burns and scalds prevention


Keep hot drinks out of your child's reachWhy are burns1  and scalds important? Less than 5 children age 0-4 and less than 5 children age 5-9 died from burns in Canada in 2009. (When the number of deaths is under 5, Statistics Canada cannot report the actual number, to protect privacy.) Three hundred and forty six (346) children aged 0-4 and fifty-nine (59) children aged 5-9 were admitted to hospital as a result of a burn (2010/11). Burns are the third leading cause for hospital admissions from injury for those 0-4. As stated in Lesson 1, Introduction to Child Injury Prevention, these admissions are just the tip of the iceberg as most of these children are only seen in an emergency room or at a clinic, and are not admitted to hospital.

Fire deaths and burns are preventable.

Primary messages

The images and messages depicted are the most common ways that children 0-6 are injured from scalds and burns. Visit the Images section for each topic to view and download the images with their corresponding messages.

How to use the images?

These images can be useful in starting discussion about what caregivers know about how to prevent injury and to problem-solve around the barriers they encounter in keeping their children safe.  The images can also be integrated into other resources that you create, such as posters, calendars, displays, etc.

Program examples and evaluation tool

These burns and scalds examples are based on best practice and share activities that groups have done or could undertake.

The following documents are available for download:

Supplementary messages and resources

  • Young children under the age of five suffer 83% of all scald injuries requiring hospital admission. 
  • Keep your child away from hot liquids.  Spilled tea, coffee, soup and hot tap water are the leading causes of this painful and potentially serious injury.
  • Lower the temperature of your hot water heater (49 degrees Celsius or 120 degrees Fahrenheit).

For additional messaging and information visit the Scalds and Burns section of the Parachute website.



1  The “burns” category includes burns and related injuries from fire, hot substances and hot objects. The data reflect all these causes.

Public Health Agency of Canada analysis of 2009 mortality data from Statistics Canada and 2010/11 hospitalization data from the Canadian Institute for Health Information. (This is the most recent data available.)